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2014年度全国职称英语等级考试理工类(C级)试题及答案
2016-08-02 11:03 来源:职称英语考试考试网
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  第1部分:词汇选项(第l-15题,每题l分,共15分)

  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线。请为每处画线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  1 We had trouble finding a pure water supply.

  A typical B complete C clear D clean

  2 Keep your passport in a secure place.

  A safe B special C good D different

  3 Many forms of cancer can be cured if detected early.

  A selected B operated C discovered D developed

  4 0n the table was a vase filled with artificial flowers.

  A wild B false C fresh D lovely

  5 The story was published with the sole purpose of selling newspapers.

  A only B reaI C main D practical

  6 I’d Iike to withdraw £500 from my current account.

  A leave B pay C put D draw

  7 He kept in constant contact with his family while he was in Australia.

  A gradual B direct C regular D occasional

  8 She only needs a minute amount of money.

  A small B certain C fair D full

  9 “What do you mean by that?”Paul asked sharply.

  A helplessly B politely C quickly D critically

  10 Did she accept his research proposal?

  A invitation B plan C offer D view

  11 The city centre was wiped out by the bomb.

  A covered B reduced C destroyed D moved

  12 The contempt he felt for his fellow students was obvious.

  A need B love C hate D pity

  13 A large crowd assembled outside the American embassy.

  A watched B shouted C walked D gathered

  14 He inspired many young people to take up the sport.

  A allowed B encouraged C called D advised

  15 The storm caused severe damage.

  A serious B physical C accidental D environmental

  第2部分:阅读判断 (第16~22题,每题l分,共7分)

  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果该旬提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该旬的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

  Eastern Quakes Can Trigger Big Shakes

  In the first week of November 2011, people in central Oklahoma experienced more than two dozen earthquakes. The largest, a magnitude 5.6 quake, shook thousands of fans in a college football stadium, caused cracks in a few buildings and rattled the nerves of many people who had never felt a quake before. Oklahoma is not an area of the country famous for its quakes. If you watch the news on TV, you see reports about all sorts of natural disasters —hurricanes, tornadoes, flooding and wildfires, to name a few. But the most dangerous type of natural disaster, and also the most unpredictable, is the earthquake.

  Researchers at the U.S. Geological Survey estimate that several million earthquakes rattle the globe each year. That may sound scary, but people don’t feel many of the tremors because they happen in remote and unpopulated regions. Many quakes happen under the ocean, and others have a very small magnitude, or shaking intensity.

  A magnitude 5.8 earthquake that struck central Virginia the afternoon of August 23, 2011, was felt from central Georgia to southeastern Canada. In many urban areas, including Washington, D.C., and New York City (Wall Street shown), people crowded the streets while engineers inspected buildings. Credit: Wikimedia/Alex Tabak

  Scientists know about small, remote quakes only because of very sensitive electronic devices called seismometers. These devices detect and measure the size of ground vibrations produced by earthquakes. Altogether, USGS researchers use seismometers to identify and locate about 20,000 earthquakes each year.

  Although earthquakes can happen anywhere in the world, really big quakes occur only in certain areas. The largest ones register a magnitude 8 or higher and happen, on average, only once each year. Such big ones typically occur along the edges of Earth’s tectonic plates.

  Tectonic plates are huge pieces of Earth’s crust, sometimes many kilometers thick. These plates cover our planet’s surface like a jigsaw puzzle. Often, jagged edges of these plates temporarily lock together. When plates jostle and scrape past each other earthquakes occur. On average, tectonic plates move very slowly — about the same speed as your fingernails grow.

  But sometimes earthquakes rumble through portions of the landscape far from a plate’s edges. Although less expected, these “mid-plate” tremors can do substantial damage. Some of the biggest known examples rattled the eastern half of the United States two centuries ago. Today, scientists are still puzzling over why the quakes occurred and when similar ones might occur.

  16. Oklahoma is an area often experiencing natural disasters.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  17. The earthquake is the most unpredictable natural disaster.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  18. Few earthquakes happen without people's awareness.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  19. Seismometers can identify and locate most of the earthquakes in China.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  20. Big earthquakes of a magnitude 8 or higher seldom happen far from the edges of tectonic plates.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  21. Whenever tectonic plates move, earthquakes happen.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  22. The earthquake that hit the eastern half of the United States two centuries ago is the biggest "mid-plate" one in history.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  第三部分:概括大意和完成句子 (第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)

  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为指定段落每段选择1个小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定一个最佳选项。

  Learn about Light

  1 Ancient civilizations were amazed by the existence of light for thousands of years. The Greek philosophers believed that light was made up of countless, tiny particles that enter the human eye and create what we call vision. However, Empedocles and a Dutch scientist named Christian Huygens believed that light was like a wave. According to them, light spread out and travelled like a straight line. This theory was accepted during the 19th century.

  2 ln 1905, Albert Einstein published a research paper in which he explained what is referred to as the photoelectric effect. This theory explains that particles make up light. The particles Einstein was referring to are weightless bundles(束)of electromagnetic(电磁)energy called photons(光子). Today, scientists agree that light has a dual(二重) nature — it is part particle and part wave. It is a form of energy that allows us to see things around us.

  3 Things that give off light are known as sources of light. During the day, the primary source of light is the sun. Other sources of light include stars, flames, flashlights, street lamps and glowing gases in glass tube.

  4 When we draw the way light travels we always use straight lines. This is because normally light rays travel in a straight line. However, there are some instances that can change the path and even the nature of light. They are reflection, absorption, interference (干扰), etc.

  5 Physicists have attempted to measure the speed of light since the early times. In 1849, Hippolyte Fizeau conducted an experiment by directing a beam of light to a mirror located kilometers away and placed a rotating cogwheel(旋转齿轮)between the beam and the mirror. From the rate of rotation of the wheel, number of wheel’s teeth and distance of the mirror, he was able to calculate that the speed of light is 313 million meters per second. In a vacuum(真空),however, the speed of light is 299,792,458 meters per second. This is about a million times faster than the speed of an airplane.

  23. Paragraph 2 ___A___

  24. Paragraph 3 ___B___

  25. Paragraph 4 ___D___

  26. Paragraph 5 ___C___

  A. How is the nature of light explained today?

  B. What are sources of light?

  C. How did physicists measure the speed of light?

  D. How does light travel?

  E. How did people think of light years ago?

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作者: 编辑:付亚尧  
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