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2014年度全国职称英语等级考试卫生类(C级)试题及答案
2016-08-03 11:18 来源:职称英语考试考试网
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  第1部分:词汇选项(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线。请为每处画线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  1 We had trouble finding a pure water supply.

  A typical B complete C clear D clean

  2 Keep your passport in a secure place.

  A safe B special C good D different

  3 Many forms of cancer can be cured if detected early.

  A selected B operated C discovered D developed

  4 0n the table was a vase filled with artificial flowers.

  A wild B false C fresh D lovely

  5 The story was published with the sole purpose of selling newspapers.

  A only B reaI C main D practical

  6 I’d Iike to withdraw £500 from my current account.

  A leave B pay C put D draw

  7 He kept in constant contact with his family while he was in Australia.

  A gradual B direct C regular D occasional

  8 She only needs a minute amount of money.

  A small B certain C fair D full

  9 “What do you mean by that?”Paul asked sharply.

  A helplessly B politely C quickly D critically

  10 Did she accept his research proposal?

  A invitation B plan C offer D view

  11 The city centre was wiped out by the bomb.

  A covered B reduced C destroyed D moved

  12 The contempt he felt for his fellow students was obvious.

  A need B love C hate D pity

  13 A large crowd assembled outside the American embassy.

  A watched B shouted C walked D gathered

  14 He inspired many young people to take up the sport.

  A allowed B encouraged C called D advised

  15 The storm caused severe damage.

  A serious B physical C accidental D environmental

  第二部分 阅读判断 (第l6~22题,每题l分,共7分)

  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出剡断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

  Tiny Invaders

  The human body is truly amazing. It allows us to sense the world around us, to do work and have fun, and to move from place to place. In fact, the human body does its work so well that most people don't think about it very much -- until they get sick.

  The germs(致病菌)that make people sick are everywhere. You can't see them, but they're there. They're sitting on your desk. They're hiding on your computer's keyboard. They're even in the air that you are breathing. There are two types of germs: viruses and bacteria(细菌).Viruses are germs that can only live inside animals or plants. Viruses cause illnesses such as flu and measles(麻疹).Bacteria are tiny creatures. Some bacteria are good. They can help your stomach break down food. Other bacteria aren't so good. They can-make you sick. Bacteria can cause sore throats(喉痛)and ear infections.

  How can you stop these tiny invaders from making you sick? Your skin is the first defense against germs. You can prevent some illnesses simply by washing, with soap and water. But germs can still enter the body through small cuts in the skin or through the mouth, eyes, and nose.

  Once germs are inside your body, your immune(免疫的)system tries to protect you. It looks for and destroys germs. How does it do that? Special cells patrol your body. Some of these cells actually eat germs! Other cells make antibodies. An antibody sticks to a germ. There is a different antibody for each kind of germ. Some antibodies keep germs from making you sick. Others help your body find and kill germs. After a germ is destroyed, the antibodies stay in your body. They protect you if the same kind of germ comes back. That way you will not get the same illness twice.

  You can keep your body healthy by eating a nutritious(有营养的)diet to make your immune system strong. You can also help your immune system fight germs by getting vaccinated(接种).Vaccines are medicines. They contain germs that have been killed or weakened. The dead germs can't make you sick. Instead, they cause your body to make antibodies. If the same germ ever shows up again, then your antibodies attack it.

  16. Viruses can only live inside people or animals.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  17. All bacteria cause illnesses.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  18. Washing your skin can prevent some illnesses.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  19. Germs can enter the body through the eyes.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  20. The heart contains the body's strongest muscle.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  21. After they kill germs, antibodies stay in the body.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  22. Vaccines can make you sick.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子 (第23~30题,每题l分,共8分)

  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择l个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

  Alcoholism

  1 Yes, alcoholism can be treated. Alcoholism treatment programs use both counseling and medication(药物治疗)to help a person stop drinking. Most alcoholics need help to recover from their disease. With support and treatment, many people are able to stop drinking and rebuild their lives.

  2 A range of medication is used to treat alcoholism. Benzodiazepines(苯二氮平类药物) are sometimes used during the first days after a person stops drinking to help him or her safely withdraw from alcohol. However, these medications are not used beyond the first few days because they may be highly addictive. Other medications help people remain sober(清醒).One medication used for this purpose is naltrexone(环丙甲羟二羟吗啡酮). When combined with counseling, naltrexone can reduce the strong desire for alcohol and help prevent a person from returning to heavy drinking. Another medication, disulfiram (戒酒硫), discourages drinking by making the person feel sick if he or she drinks alcohol. Though several medications help treat alcoholism, there is no "magic bullet.“Developing new and more effective medications to treat alcoholism remains a high priority for researchers.

  3 Alcoholism treatment works for many people. But just like any chronic disease, there are different levels of success in treatment. Some people stop drinking and remain sober. Others cannot stop drinking for any length of time. With treatment, one thing is clear, however, the longer a person stops drinking alcohol, the more likely he or she will be able to stay sober.

  4 No, alcoholism cannot be cured at this time. Even if an alcoholic hasn't been drinking for a long time, he or she can still return to the drinking habit. To guard against it, an alcoholic must continue to avoid all alcoholic drinks.

  23、paragraph 1___________

  24、paragraph 2___________

  25、paragraph 3___________

  26、paragraph 4___________

  A.Does alcoholism treatment work?

  B.what is alcoholism?

  C.Can alcoholism be cured?

  D.Can alcoholism be treated?

  E. What are drinking problems?

  F.What medications treat alcoholism?

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作者: 编辑:付亚尧  
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