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2014年度全国职称英语等级考试理工类(B级)试题及答案
2016-08-03 11:18 来源:职称英语考试考试网
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  第1部分:词汇选项(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线。请为每处画线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  1 The city centre was wiped out by the bomb

  A covered B reduced C destroyed D moved

  2 The contempt he felt for his fellow students WaS obvious.

  A need B Iove C hate D Pity

  3 A iarge crowd assembled outside the American embassy

  A watched B shouted C walked D gathered

  4 He inspired many young people to take up the sport。

  A allowed B encouraged C called D advised

  5 The storm caused severe damage.

  A serious B physical C accidental D environmental

  6 I think£7 for a drink is a bit steep, don’t you?

  A tight B low C cheap D high

  7 DO we have to wear these name tags?

  A Iists B forms C labels D codes

  8 Most babies can take in a wide range of food easily.

  A bring B keep C serve D digest

  9 Joe came to the window as the crowd chanted,“Joe,Joe,Joe!”

  A repeated B jumped C maintained D approached

  10 What puzzles me is why his books are so popular.

  A shocks B influences C confuses D concerns

  11 A the flats in the building had the same layout.

  A color B arrangement C size D function

  12 The weather was crisp and clear and you could see the mountains fifty miles away

  A fresh B hot C heavy D windy

  1 3 The walls are made of hollow concrete blocks。

  A big B long C new D empty

  14 Our aim was to update the health service。and we succeeded.

  A modernize B offer C provide D fund

  15 Her comments about men are utterly ridiculous.

  A slightly B partly C completely D faintly

  第2部分:阅读判断 (第16~22题,每题l分,共7分)

  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果该旬提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该旬的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

  Eastern Quakes Can Trigger Big Shakes

  In the first week of November 2011, people in central Oklahoma experienced more than two dozen earthquakes. The largest, a magnitude 5.6 quake, shook thousands of fans in a college football stadium, caused cracks in a few buildings and rattled the nerves of many people who had never felt a quake before. Oklahoma is not an area of the country famous for its quakes. If you watch the news on TV, you see reports about all sorts of natural disasters —hurricanes, tornadoes, flooding and wildfires, to name a few. But the most dangerous type of natural disaster, and also the most unpredictable, is the earthquake.

  Researchers at the U.S. Geological Survey estimate that several million earthquakes rattle the globe each year. That may sound scary, but people don’t feel many of the tremors because they happen in remote and unpopulated regions. Many quakes happen under the ocean, and others have a very small magnitude, or shaking intensity.

  A magnitude 5.8 earthquake that struck central Virginia the afternoon of August 23, 2011, was felt from central Georgia to southeastern Canada. In many urban areas, including Washington, D.C., and New York City (Wall Street shown), people crowded the streets while engineers inspected buildings. Credit: Wikimedia/Alex Tabak

  Scientists know about small, remote quakes only because of very sensitive electronic devices called seismometers. These devices detect and measure the size of ground vibrations produced by earthquakes. Altogether, USGS researchers use seismometers to identify and locate about 20,000 earthquakes each year.

  Although earthquakes can happen anywhere in the world, really big quakes occur only in certain areas. The largest ones register a magnitude 8 or higher and happen, on average, only once each year. Such big ones typically occur along the edges of Earth’s tectonic plates.

  Tectonic plates are huge pieces of Earth’s crust, sometimes many kilometers thick. These plates cover our planet’s surface like a jigsaw puzzle. Often, jagged edges of these plates temporarily lock together. When plates jostle and scrape past each other earthquakes occur. On average, tectonic plates move very slowly — about the same speed as your fingernails grow.

  But sometimes earthquakes rumble through portions of the landscape far from a plate’s edges. Although less expected, these “mid-plate” tremors can do substantial damage. Some of the biggest known examples rattled the eastern half of the United States two centuries ago. Today, scientists are still puzzling over why the quakes occurred and when similar ones might occur.

  16. Oklahoma is an area often experiencing natural disasters.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  17. The earthquake is the most unpredictable natural disaster.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  18. Few earthquakes happen without people's awareness.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  19. Seismometers can identify and locate most of the earthquakes in China.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  20. Big earthquakes of a magnitude 8 or higher seldom happen far from the edges of tectonic plates.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  21. Whenever tectonic plates move, earthquakes happen.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  22. The earthquake that hit the eastern half of the United States two centuries ago is the biggest "mid-plate" one in history.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子 (第23--30题,每题1分,共8分)

  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

  Learn about Noble Gases(惰性气体)

  1 Have you ever ridden on a balloon? Many tourist spots offer balloon rides in order for people to see the beauty of a place from above. A balloon contains a noble gas called hellum(氦). Formerly, balloons contained hydrogen but hydrogen is very flammable and dangerous when uncontrolled. Therefore, people shifted to helium, which is safer. Helium is safe because it has the properties of the noble gases.

  2 People once belleved that noble gases couldn’t chemically react at all. For this reason, they were called inert gases(惰性气体). They were also listed under Group 0 in the old periodic table because scientists believed that the gases have zero valence(价)electrons in their outer shell. This was later proven to be untrue when some noble gas compounds were discovered.

  3 The gases are elements, which share similar properties. These properties include being monoatomic, colorless, odorless, being able to conduct electricity, and having low chemical reactivity. Noble gases include Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon and Radon. These are all found in Group 18, in the rightmost column of the periodic table. If you look at the periodic table, you will notice that these elements are the only ones, which do not have a charge. Helium has the lowest molecular(分子的)weight while Radon is the heaviest.

  4 Remember that chemical reactions occur because atoms have valence electrons, which are electrons in their outer shell. When the outer shell is “unfilled” or the required number of electrons is not yet complete, the atom is more reactive. Noble gases have a full outer shell, meaning that they have complete electrons in their outer shell. This complete number varies. For instance, the outer shell of Helium has 2 valence electrons while the outer shell of Xenon has 8 electrons. Nowadays, there remains to be a few noble gases because of the low chemical reactivity of these said gases.

  5 because of their properties, noble gases have many important applications. They are widely used in medicine and industries. For instance, liquid Helium is used for superconducting magnets(磁体). These magnets are very important in physics and medicine. When a doctor suspects that a person’s brain has been damaged, he might request for Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI). MRI allows the doctor to “see” the brain, without operating on the patient.

  23. paragraph 2________

  24. paragraph 3________

  25. paragraph 4________

  26. paragraph 5________

  A. What are noble gases?

  B.what is the periodic table?

  C.What causes the low chemical reactivity of noble gases?

  D.How were noble gases understood in the past?

  E. How were noble gases discovered?

  F. What are the applications of noble gases?

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作者: 编辑:付亚尧  
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