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2014年度全国职称英语等级考试卫生类(B级)试题及答案
2016-08-03 11:18 来源:职称英语考试考试网
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  第1部分:词汇选项(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线。请为每处画线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  1 The city centre was wiped out by the bomb.

  A covered B reduced C destroyed D moved

  2 The contempt he felt for his fellow students WaS obvious.

  A need B Iove C hate D Pity

  3 A iarge crowd assembled outside the American embassy

  A watched B shouted C walked D gathered

  4 He inspired many young people to take up the sport.

  A allowed B encouraged C called D advised

  5 The storm caused severe damage.

  A serious B physical C accidental D environmental

  6 I think£7 for a drink is a bit steep, don’t you?

  A tight B low C cheap D high

  7 DO we have to wear these name tags?

  A Iists B forms C labels D codes

  8 Most babies can take in a wide range of food easily.

  A bring B keep C serve D digest

  9 Joe came to the window as the crowd chanted,“Joe,Joe,Joe!”

  A repeated B jumped C maintained D approached

  10 What puzzles me is why his books are so popular.

  A shocks B influences C confuses D concerns

  11 A the flats in the building had the same layout.

  A color B arrangement C size D function

  12 The weather was crisp and clear and you could see the mountains fifty miles away .

  A fresh B hot C heavy D windy

  1 3 The walls are made of hollow concrete blocks.

  A big B long C new D empty

  14 Our aim was to update the health service。and we succeeded.

  A modernize B offer C provide D fund

  15 Her comments about men are utterly ridiculous.

  A slightly B partly C completely D faintly

  第2部分:阅读判断 (第16-22题.每题l分,共7分)

  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息.请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C.

  Tiny Invaders

  The human body is truly amazing. It allows us to sense the world around us, to do work and have fun, and to move from place to place. In fact, the human body does its work so well that most people don't think about it very much -- until they get sick.

  The germs(致病菌)that make people sick are everywhere. You can't see them, but they're there. They're sitting on your desk. They're hiding on your computer's keyboard. They're even in the air that you are breathing. There are two types of germs: viruses and bacteria(细菌).Viruses are germs that can only live inside animals or plants. Viruses cause illnesses such as flu and measles(麻疹).Bacteria are tiny creatures. Some bacteria are good. They can help your stomach break down food. Other bacteria aren't so good. They can-make you sick. Bacteria can cause sore throats(喉痛)and ear infections.

  How can you stop these tiny invaders from making you sick? Your skin is the first defense against germs. You can prevent some illnesses simply by washing, with soap and water. But germs can still enter the body through small cuts in the skin or through the mouth, eyes, and nose.

  Once germs are inside your body, your immune(免疫的)system tries to protect you. It looks for and destroys germs. How does it do that? Special cells patrol your body. Some of these cells actually eat germs! Other cells make antibodies. An antibody sticks to a germ. There is a different antibody for each kind of germ. Some antibodies keep germs from making you sick. Others help your body find and kill germs. After a germ is destroyed, the antibodies stay in your body. They protect you if the same kind of germ comes back. That way you will not get the same illness twice.

  You can keep your body healthy by eating a nutritious(有营养的)diet to make your immune system strong. You can also help your immune system fight germs by getting vaccinated(接种).Vaccines are medicines. They contain germs that have been killed or weakened. The dead germs can't make you sick. Instead, they cause your body to make antibodies. If the same germ ever shows up again, then your antibodies attack it.

  16. Viruses can only live inside people or animals.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  17. All bacteria cause illnesses.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  18. Washing your skin can prevent some illnesses.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  19. Germs can enter the body through the eyes.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  20. The heart contains the body's strongest muscle.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  21. After they kill germs, antibodies stay in the body.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  22. Vaccines can make you sick.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子 (第23-30题,每题l分,共8分)

  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23—26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第1-4段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项.

  Multiple Sclerosis(多发性硬化症)

  1 Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disease in which the patient's immune(免疫的)system attacks the central nervous system. This can lead to numerous physical and mental symptoms, as the disease affects the transmission of electrical signals between the body and the brain. However, the human body, being a flexible, adaptable system, can compensate for some level of damage, so a person with MS can look and feel fine even though the disease is present.

  2 MS patients can have one of two main varieties of the disease: the relapsing form (复发型)and the primary progressive form. In the relapsing form, the disease progresses in a series of jumps; at times it is in remission(减轻).which means that a person's normal functions return for a period of time before the system goes into relapse and the disease again becomes more active. This is the most common form of MS; 80-90% of people have this form of the disease when they are first diagnosed. The relapse-remission cycle can continue for many years. Eventually, however, Ioss of physical and cognitive functions starts to take place and the remissions become less frequent.

  3 In the primary progressive form of MS, there are no remissions and a continual but steady loss of physical and cognitive functions takes place. This condition affects about 10-15% of sufferers at diagnosis.

  4 The expected course of the disease, or prognosis(预后),depends on many variables: the subtype of the disease, the patient's individual characteristics and the initial symptoms. Life expectancy of patients, however, is often nearly the same as that of an unaffected person - provided that a reasonable standard of care is received. In some cases a near-normal life span is possible.

  5 The cause of the disease is unclear; it seems that some people have a genetic Susceptibility(易感性),which is triggered by some unknown environmental factor. Onset(发作)of the disease usually occurs in young adults between the ages of 20 and 40.It is more common in women than men; however, it has also been diagnosed in young children and in elderly people.

  23. Paragraph 1___ ___

  24. Paragraph 2 ______

  25. Paragraph 3______

  26. Paragraph 4______

  A. The relapsing form of MS

  B. The cause of MS

  C. The primary progressive form of MS

  D. The definition of MS

  E. The development of MS

  F. The treatment for MS

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作者: 编辑:付亚尧  
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