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2014年度全国职称英语等级考试综合类(B级)试题及答案
2016-08-03 11:18 来源:职称英语考试考试网
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  第1部分:词汇选项(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线。请为每处画线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  1 The city centre was wiped out by the bomb.

  A covered B reduced C destroyed D moved

  2 The contempt he felt for his fellow students WaS obvious.

  A need B Iove C hate D Pity

  3 A iarge crowd assembled outside the American embassy

  A watched B shouted C walked D gathered

  4 He inspired many young people to take up the sport.

  A allowed B encouraged C called D advised

  5 The storm caused severe damage.

  A serious B physical C accidental D environmental

  6 I think£7 for a drink is a bit steep, don’t you?

  A tight B low C cheap D high

  7 DO we have to wear these name tags?

  A Iists B forms C labels D codes

  8 Most babies can take in a wide range of food easily.

  A bring B keep C serve D digest

  9 Joe came to the window as the crowd chanted,“Joe,Joe,Joe!”

  A repeated B jumped C maintained D approached

  10 What puzzles me is why his books are so popular.

  A shocks B influences C confuses D concerns

  11 A the flats in the building had the same layout.

  A color B arrangement C size D function

  12 The weather was crisp and clear and you could see the mountains fifty miles away .

  A fresh B hot C heavy D windy

  1 3 The walls are made of hollow concrete blocks.

  A big B long C new D empty

  14 Our aim was to update the health service。and we succeeded.

  A modernize B offer C provide D fund

  15 Her comments about men are utterly ridiculous.

  A slightly B partly C completely D faintly

  第2部分:阅读判断(第16-22题.每题l分, 共7分)

  下面的短文后列出了7个句子, 请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息.请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息, 请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及, 请选择C.

  Brotherly Love

  Adidas and Puma have been two of the biggest names in sports shoe manufacturing for over half a century.

  Since l928 they have supplied shoes for Olympic athletes.World Cup-winning football heroes.Muhammad Ali.hip hop stars and rock musicians famous all over the world.But the story of these two companies begins in one house in the town of Herzogenaurach, Germany.

  Adolph and Rudolph Dassler were the sons of a shoemaker.They loved sport but complained that they could never find comfortable shoes to play in.Rudolph always said, You cannot play sports wearing shoes that you’d walk around town with. So they started making their own.In l920 Adolph made the first pair of athletic shoes with spikes(钉), produced on the Dasslers’ kitchen table.

  On lst July l924 they formed a shoe company, Dassler Brothers Ltd and they worked together for many years.The company became successful and it provided the shoes for Germany’s athletes at the l928 and l932 Olympic Games.

  But in l948 the brothers argued.No one knows exactly what happened, but family members have suggested that the argument was about money or women.The result was that Adolph left the company.His nickname was Adi.and using this and the first three letters of the family name, Dassler, he founded Adidas.

  Rudolph relocated across the River Aurach and founded his own company too.At first he wanted to call it Ruda, but eventually he called it Puma, after the wild cat.The famous Puma logo of the jumping cat has hardly changed since.

  After the big split of l948 Adolph and Rudolph never spoke to each other again and their companies have now been in competition for over sixty years.Both companies were for many years the market leaders, though Adidas has always been more successful than Puma.A hip hop group, Run DMC, has even written a song called “My Adidas” and in 2005 Adidas bought Reebok, another big sports shoe company.

  The terrible family argument should really be forgotten, but ever since it happened, over sixty years ago.the town has been split into two.Even now, some Adidas employees and Puma employees don’t talk to each other.

  16 Adidas and Puma started to make sports shoes at the end of the l9th century.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  17 The brothers’ father was a ball maker.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  18 The brothers first made sports shoes at home.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  19 The brothers provided sports shoes for the l924 Olympic Games.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  20 The brothers decided to start up their separate companies after the argument.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  21 Nike sells more shoes than Adidas.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  22 People in the town have now forgotten the argument.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题, 每题l分, 共8分)

  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第l~4段每段选择l个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

  How Technology Pushes Down Price

  1 Prices have fallen in the food business because of advances in food production and distribution technology. Consumers have benefited greatly from those advances. People who predicted that the world would run out of food were wrong. We are producing more and more food with less and less capital. Food is therefore more plentiful and cheaper than it has ever been. Spending on food compared with other goods has fallen for many years, and continues to drop.

  2 Supermarkets have helped push down prices mainly because of their scale. Like any big business, they can invest in IT systems that make them efficient. And their size allows them to buy in bulk. As supermarkets get bigger, the prices get lower.

  3 Huge retail companies such as Wal-Mart have tremendous power and they can put pressure on producers to cut their margins. As a result, some producers have had to make cuts. In recent years, Unilever has cut its workforce by 33,000 t0 245,000 and dropped lots of its minor brands as part of its "path to growth" strategy. Cadbury has shut nearly 20 per cent of its 133 factories and cut 10 per cent of its 55,000 global workforce. These cuts help keep costs down, and the price of food stays low.

  4 Does cheap food make people unhealthy? Cheap food may encourage people to eat more. Food companies certainly think that giving people more food for their money makes them buy more. Giving people bigger portions is an easy way of making them feel they have got a better deal. That is why portions have got larger and larger. In America, soft drinks came in 80z (225g) cans in the past, then 120z (350g), and now come in 200z (550g) cans.1f a company can sell you an 80z portion for $7, they can sell you a 120z portion for $8. The only extra cost to the company is the food, which probably costs 25 cents.

  5 Now companies are under pressure to stop selling bigger portions for less money. But it is hard to change the trend.

  23 Paragraph 1______

  24 Paragraph 2______

  25 Paragraph 3______

  26 Paragraph 4______

  A. Bigger supermarkets offer lower prices

  B. Chain stores provide better service

  C. Technology helps reduce food prices

  D. Huge retailers force producers to cut costs

  E. Consumers like supermarkets

  F. Food comes cheaper in larger portions

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作者: 编辑:付亚尧  
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