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2014年度全国职称英语等级考试综合类(A级)试题及答案
2016-08-03 11:18 来源:职称英语考试考试网
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  第一部分:词汇选项(第1-15题, 每题1分, 共15分)

  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线.请为每处画线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项.

  1 All the flats in the building had the same layout.

  A. color B. arrangement C. size D. function

  2 The weather was crisp and clear and you could see the mountains fifty miles away.

  A. fresh B. hot C. heavy D. windy

  3 The walls are made of hollow concrete blocks.

  A. big B. long C. new D. empty

  4 Our aim was to update a service and we succeeded.

  A. modernize B. offer C. provide D. fund

  5 Her comments about men are utterly ridiculous.

  A. slightly B. partly C. completely D. faintly

  6 Every week the magazine presents the profile of a well-known sports personal.

  A. success B. description C. evidence D. plan

  7 He has been granted asylum in France.

  A. power B. relief C. protection D. license

  8 When I heard the noise in the next room, I couldn’t resist having a peep.

  A. look B. chance C. visit D. try

  9 She moves from one exotic location to another.

  A. familiar B. similar C. proper D.unusual

  10 We almost ran into a rolls-Royce that pulled out in front of us without signaling.

  A. overtook B. hit C. passed D. found

  11 He was weary of the constant battle between them.

  A. fond B. proud C. tired D. afraid

  12 Noting would induce me to vote for him again.

  A. attract B. teach C. help D. discourage

  13 He shifted his position a little in order to alleviate the pain in his leg.

  A. control B. ease C. experience D. suffer

  14 The photograph evoked strong memories of our holidays in France.

  A. refreshed B. stored C. blocked D. erased

  15 Newborn babies can discriminate between a man’s and woman’s voices.

  A. treat B. express C. analyze D. distinguish

  第2部分:阅读判断(第16-22题.每题l分, 共7分)

  下面的短文后列出了7个句子, 请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息.请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息, 请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及, 请选择C.

  In Sports, Red is the Winning Color

  When opponents of a game are equally matched, the team dressed in red is more likely to win, according to a new study.

  British anthropologists Russell Hill and Robert Barton of the University of Durham reached that conclusion by studying the outcomes of one-on-one boxing, tae kwon do, Greco-Roman-wresting, and freestyle-wrestling matches at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece.

  In each event Olympic staff randomly assigned red or blue clothing or body protection to competitors. When otherwise equally matched with their opponent in fitness and skill, athletes wearing red were more likely to win the bout.

  "Where there was a large point difference—presumably because one contestant was far superior to the other—color had no effect on the outcome," Barton said. "Where there was a small point difference, the effect of color was sufficient to tip the balance."

  In equally matched bouts, the preponderance of red wins was great enough that it could not be attributed to chance, the anthropologists say. Hill and Barton found similar results in a review of the colors worn at the Euro 2004 international soccer tournament. Their report will be published in tomorrow's issue of the journal Nature.

  Joanna Setchell, a primate researcher at the University of Cambridge in England, has found similar results in nature. Her work with the large African monkeys known as mandrills shows that red coloration gives males an advantage when it comes to mating.

  The finding that red also has an advantage in human sporting events does not surprise her, adding that "the idea of the study is very clever."

  Hill and Barton got the idea for their study out of a mutual interest in the evolution of sexual signals in primates—"red seems to be the color, across species, that signals male dominance and testosterone levels," Barton said.

  For example, studies by Setchell, the Cambridge primate researcher, show that dominant male mandrills have increased red coloration in their faces and rumps. Another study by other scientists shows that red plastic rings experimentally placed on the legs of male zebra finches increase the birds' dominance.

  Barton said he and Hill speculated some speculated that "there might be a similar effect in humans. And if so, it could be apparent in sporting contests."

  The pair say their results indicate that sexual selection may have influenced the evolution of humans' response to color.

  Setchell, the primatologist, agrees. "As Hill and Barton say, humans redden when we are angry and pale when we're scared. These are very important signals to other individuals," she said.

  The advantage of red may be intuitively known, judging from the prevalence of red uniforms in sports—"though it is clearly not very widely appreciated, on a conscious level at least," Barton said.

  He adds that the finding of red's advantage might have implications for regulations that govern sporting attire. In the Olympic matches he surveyed for the new study, for example, it is possible some medal winners may have reached the pedestal with an unintended advantage.

  "That is the implication, though we cannot say that it made the difference in any one specific case," Barton said.

  Meanwhile, Setchell noted—tongue-in-cheek—that a red advantage may not be limited to sports. "Going by the recent [U.S.] election results, red is indeed quite successful," she said.

  16. Both Hill and Barton wanted to find out if color affects the outcome of sports matched.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  17. Hill and Barton are both interested in primates.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  18. Male mandrills use yellow coloration to attract a mate.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  19. Red is not an advantage for zebra finches.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  20. The red plastic rings were left on the finches permanently.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  21. Hill and Barton believe athletes in red are more likely to win.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  22. Many athletes oppose the new regulations on sports uniforms.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  第三部分:概括大意和完成句子(第23~30题, 每题1分, 共8分)

  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为指定段落每段选择1个小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定一个最佳选项。

  How technology pushes down price

  Prices have fallen in the food business because of advances in food production and distribution technology. Consumers have benefited greatly from those advances. People who predicted that the world would run out of food were wrong. We are producing more and more food with less and less capital. Good is therefore more plentiful and cheaper than it has ever been. Spending on food compared with other goods has fallen for many years, and continues to drop.

  Supermarkets have helped push down prices mainly because of their scale. Like any big business, they can invest in IT systems that make them efficient. And their size allows them to buy in bulk. As supermarkets get bigger, the prices get lower.

  Huge retail companies such as Wal-Mart have tremendous power and they can put pressure on producers to cut their margins. As a result, some producers have had to make cuts. In recent years, Unilever has cut its workforce by 33,000 to 245,000 and dropped lots of its minor brands as part of its “path to growth” strategy. Cadbury has shut nearly 20 per cent of its 133 factories and cut 10 per cent of its 55,000 global workforce. These cuts help keep costs down, and the price of food stays low.

  Does cheap food make people unhealthy? Cheap food may encourage people to eat more. Good companies certainly think that giving people more food for their money makes them buy more. Giving people bigger portions is an easy way of making them feel they have got a better deal. That is why portions have got larger and larger. In America, soft drinks came in 8oz (225g) cans in the past, then 12oz (350g), and now come in 20oz (550g) cans. If a company can sell you an 8oz portion for $7, they can sell you a 12oz portion for $8. The only extra cost to the company is the food, which probably costs 25 cents.

  Now companies are under pressure to stop selling bigger portions for less money. But it is hard to change the trend.

  23 Paragraph 1

  24 Paragraph 2

  25 Paragraph 3

  26 Paragraph 4

  A. Bigger supermarkets offer lower prices

  B. Chain stores provide better service

  C. Technology helps reduce food prices

  D. Huge retailers force producers to cut costs

  E. Consumers like supermarkets

  F. Food comes cheaper in larger portions

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作者: 编辑:付亚尧  
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