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2008年职称英语卫生类B级考试试题
2016-08-16 12:03 来源:职称英语考试考试网
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  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线,请为每处画线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  1 She found me very dull.

  A dirty B sleepy C lazy D boring

  2 The President made a brief visit to Beijing.

  A short B working C formal D secret

  3 He was persuaded to give up the idea.

  A mention B accept C consider D drop

  4 Jack consumes a pound of cheese a day.

  A eats B drinks C buys D produces

  5 Mary just told us a very fascinating story.

  A strange B frightening C difficult D Interesting

  6 it's a gorgeous day anyway.

  A lovely B cold C normal D rainy

  7 Her lire is becoming more diverse.

  A generous B humorous C varied D romantic

  8 Foreign military aid was prolonging the war.

  A broadening B worsening C extending D accelerating

  9 She was unwilling to go but she had no choice.

  A unable B indecisive C ready D reluctant

  10 She is slender with delicate wrists and ankles.

  A sick B weak C slim D pale

  11 With immense relief. I stopped running.

  A some B enormous C little D extensive

  12 The scientists began to accumulate data.

  A collect B handle C analyze D investigate

  13 Jack eventually overtook the last truck.

  A hit B passed C reached D led

  14 Sometimes it is advisable to book hotels in advance.

  A possible B profitable C easy D wise

  15 The reason for their unusual behavior remains a puzzle.

  A fact B mystery C statement D game

  第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题l分,共7分)

  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该旬提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

  Survey Finds Many Women Misinformed about Cancer

  Sixty-three percent of American women think that if there’s no family history of cancer. You're not likely to develop the disease, a new survey found.

  1n fact,most people who develop cancer have no family history of cancer。according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists(ACOG)(美国妇产科医师学会),which sponsored the survey.

  "Too many women are dying from cancer。”Dr. Douglas W. Laube, ACOG's immediate

  past president,Said during a Friday teleconference. "An estimated 200070 women will die in the U. S. this year,and over 600. 078 women will be diagnosed with cancer. The results of this survey found a worrisome(令人担忧的)gap in women's knowledge about cancer."

  Based on the findings ACOG is increasing its efforts to educate women about cancer and the need for regular screening tests.

  Although the survey found many misconceptions(错误观念)about cancer, 76 percent of women surveyed did say they feel knowledgeable about how they can reduce their risk of the disease.

  However, only 52 percent said they were doing enough to reduce that risk. And 10 percent said they hadn’t done anything in the past year to lower their risk. Seventeen percent said they wouldn’t change their lifestyles even if changes would lower their cancer risk..

  Many women said they were afraid to undergo screening out of fear of finding cancer. Twenty percent said they didn't want to know if they had cancer.

  In response to these findings ACOG will launch on Oct. 2g a new website-Protect& Detect What Women should know about cancer. The guide is designed to help women to take charge of their health and improve their understanding of their risk of cancer-and the lifestyle steps they can take to cut that risk.

  16 Many American women have a poor knowledge of cancer.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  17 People with no family history of cancer are unlikely to develop cancer.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  18 More women are dying from cancer than men in America.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  19 Most American women know too little about how to lower their cancer risk.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  20 Some American women are just unwilling to change their lifestyles.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  21 Some American women are too afraid of finding cancer to undergo screening.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  22 ACOG's efforts to educate women about cancer will be greatly appreciated.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题l分,共8分)

  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23—26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第l—4段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27—30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

  Depression and the Elderly

  1 We all feel sad at times. However, clinical depression is a serious matter. Clinical depression sometimes called major depression is a biologically based brain disorder that affects one's thoughts, feelings, behavior, and physical health. When people complain that they feel terrible, they have no Interest or take no pleasure in things, have trouble sleeping, lack energy, have poor appetite, or cannot concentrate, depression is a definite possibility.

  2 Depression in its many forms affects more than 6.5 million of the 35 million Americans who are 65 years or older. Most older people with depression have been suffering from episodes(发作)of the illness during much of their lives. For others, depression has a first onset(起病)in late life-even for those in their 80s and 90s. Depression in older persons is closely associated with dependency and disability and causes great suffering for the individual and the family.

  3 Many older people and their families don't recognize the symptoms of depression, aren't aware that it is a medical illness and don't know how it is treated. Others may mistake the symptoms of depression as signs of dementia(痴呆). Also, many older people think that depression is a character flaw(缺陷)and are worried about being stigmatized(给…带来耻辱), so they blame themselves for their illness and are too ashamed(羞耻的)to get help. Others worry that treatment would be too costly.

  4 Older persons with depression rarely seek treatment for the illness. Unrecognized and untreated depression has fatal consequences in terms of both suicide and non-suicide mortality

  (死亡率). The highest rate of suicide in the US is among older white men. Depression is the single most significant risk factor for suicide in that population. Tragically, many of those people who go on to commit suicide have reached out for help-20% see a doctor the day they die,40%the week they die. and 70%in the month they die。Yet depression is frequently missed.

  23 Paragraph l

  24 Paragraph 2

  25 Paragraph 3

  26 Paragraph 4

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