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2008年职称英语卫生类A级考试试题
2016-08-16 12:03 来源:职称英语考试考试网
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  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题l分,共15分)

  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线,请为每处画线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  1 With immense relief, I stopped running.

  A some B enormous C little D extensive

  2 The scientists began to accumulate data.

  A collect B handle C analyze D investigate

  3 Jack eventually overtook the last truck.

  A h-l B passed C reached D led

  4 Sometimes it is advisable to book hotels in advance.

  A possible B profitable C easy D wise

  5 The reason for their unusual behavior remains a puzzle.

  A fact B mystery C statement D game

  6 That guy is really witty.

  A smart B ugly C honorable D popular

  7 The world champion, suffered a sensational defeat.

  A reasonable B dramatic C humiliating D horrifying

  8 It seems that only Mary is eligible for the job.

  A prepared B trained C qualified D guided

  9 This poem depicts the beautiful scenery of a town in the South.

  A praises B writes C imitates D describes

  10 The meaning is still obscure.

  A vague B transparent C alien D significant

  11 Dumped waste might contaminate water supplies.

  A destroy B decrease C delay D pollute

  12 One theory postulates that the ancient Filipinos came from India and Persia.

  A assumes B expects C predicts D considers

  13 It is very difficult for a child to adhere to rules.

  A remember B follow C understand D learn

  14 I hope that l didn’t do anything absurd last night.

  A awkward B strange C stupid D awful

  15 There should be laws that prohibit smoking around children.

  A forbid B advocate C inherit D withdraw

  第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题, 每题l分, 共7分)

  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及, 请选择C。

  Sleep Problems Plague the Older Set

  Older Americans often have difficulty getting a good night’s rest. It's a huge quality-of—life problem, experts say, because contrary to popular belief, seniors require about the same amount of sleep as younger adults.

  "Sleep problems and sleep disorders are not an inherent(固有的)part of aging, " said Dr. Harrison G. Bloom, an associate clinical professor of geriatrics(老年病学)and medicine at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City. "It's pretty much of a myth that older people need less sleep than younger people."

  Yet, in a study published recently in The American Journal of Medicine, researchers found that more than half of older Americans have problems getting the sleep they need.

  Older people tend to have "sleep fragmentation." meaning they wake up more often during the night, said study author Dr. Julie Gammack, an assistant professor of medicine in the Division of Geriatric Medicine at St. Louis University.

  They also seem to get less "REM" sleep, the type of sleep during which rapid eye movement occurs, Bloom added.

  It's unclear what role these naturally occurring changes in sleep patterns have on a person’s quality of life, Bloom said. "What is important, though, is that older people often have actual sleep disorders and problems with sleep." he said.

  And, experts say, there is usually more than one cause.

  "Sleep trouble in older adults is typically associated with acute and chronic illnesses. including specific sleep disorders like sleep apnea(呼吸暂停)and restless leg syndrome that appear with greater frequency in older populations," said Michael V. Vitiello, a professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and associate director of the University of Washington's Northwest Geriatric Education Center.

  Taking multiple medications, as many older people do, can also lead to fatigue and "hypersomnia," or being tired all the time, Bloom added.

  Another big problem, he noted, is depression and anxiety. "Those are very commonly associated with sleep problems."

  Despite the prevalence(流行)of sleep difficulties in older adults, many patients aren't getting the help they need. As a result, problems like insomnia(失眠), restless leg syndrome and sleep apnea are under -diagnosed and undertreated. Bloom said.

  16 Sleep problems can seriously affect one’s quality of life.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  17 It is true that older people need less sleep than younger people.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  18 Younger people in America seldom complain of sleep disorders.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  19 The number of older Americans with sleep problems is not small.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  20 〝Sleep fragmentation〞refers to a marked lack of〝REM〞sleep.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  21 The causes of sleep problems in older people remain unidentified.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  22 Actions will soon be taken in America to better help people with sleep problems:

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题, 每题l分, 共8分)

  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第l~4段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

  Depression and the Elderly

  1 We all feel sad at times. However, clinical depression is a serious matter. Clinical depression sometimes called major depression, is a biologically based brain disorder that affects one’s thoughts, feelings, behavior, and physical health. When people complain that they feel terrible they have no Interest or take no pleasure in things, have trouble sleeping, lack energy, have poor appetite, or cannot concentrate, depression is a definite possibility.

  2 Depression in its many forms affects more than 6.5 million of the 35 million Americans who are 65 years or older. Most older people with depression have been suffering from episodes(发作)of the illness during much of their lives. For others, depression has a first onset(起病)in late life-even for those in their 80s and 90s. Depression in older persons is closely associated with dependency and disability and causes great suffering for the individual and the family.

  3 Many older people and their families don't recognize the symptoms of depression, aren’t aware that it is a medical illness, and don't know how it is treated. Others may mistake the symptoms of depression as signs of dementia(痴呆). Also, many older people think that depression is a character flaw(缺陷)and are worried about being stigmatized(给…带来耻辱), so they blame themselves for their illness and are too ashamed(羞耻的)to get help. Others worry that treatment would be too costly.

  4 Older persons with depression rarely seek treatment for the illness. Unrecognized and untreated depression has fatal consequences in terms of both suicide and non—suicide mortality(死亡率). The highest rate of suicide in the US is among older white men. Depression is the single most significant risk factor for suicide in that population. Tragically, many of those people who go on to commit suicide have reached out for help-20%see a doctor the day they die. 40%the week they die。and 70%in the month they die. Yet depression is frequently missed.

  23 Paragraph l

  24 Paragraph 2

  25 Paragraph 3

  26 Paragraph 4

  A How common is depression in later life?

  B What is depression?

  C What relieves depression in older people?

  D Why does depression in older people often go untreated?

  E Can depression in older people be treated?

  F What are the consequences of untreated depression in older people?

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作者: 编辑:付亚尧  
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